There was an increase in the sense of white dominance and sexual racism among the Southern people.
There were general heightened tensions following the end of the failed civil war in 1865, and this increased the sexual anxiety in the population.
Races did not want to mix, the whites were feeling inadequate and wanted to take back control.
The Ku Klux Klan then formed in 1867, which led to violence and terrorism targeting the black population.
There was a rise in lynch mob violence where many black men were accused of rape.
This was not just senseless violence, but an attempt to preserve 'whiteness' and prevent racial blur; the whites wanted to remain dominant and make sure there was no interracial sexual activity.
When the Jim Crow laws were eventually overturned, it took years for the court to resolve the numerous acts of discrimination.
A case that has perhaps received heightened publicity is that of Mildred and Richard Loving.
Once the couple were allowed to return home in 1956, they became prominent figures the movement for racial and social justice, contributing to Seretse's election as president of Botswana in 1966.